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Poet Geoffrey Chaucer
Rationale: It is believed that the poet, Geoffrey Chaucer, was born in the year 1343 in London, England, though the exact date and location are unknown.
a woman named Philippa
Rationale: By the year 1368, Chaucer was married to Philippa Chaucer, the daughter of Sir Payne Roet and possibly kin to John of Gaunt, who showed Chaucer great favor.
The Book of the Duchesse
Rationale: The first work that we know to be undoubtedly written by Chaucer is a poem entitled ‘The Book of the Duchesse,’ written in 1369 in honor of Blanche of Lancaster, the wife of John of Gaunt, after her untimely death.
Business for the king
Rationale: Records indicate that Chaucer was held in high esteem by King Edward III. He was captured and held prisoner in France but his ransom was paid, and by 1368 he had become one of the king’s esquires. His offices remained confirmed upon the ascension of Richard II to the throne. In addition, he was a courtier, civil servant, and diplomat.
Rationale: To this day, the ‘Canterbury Tales’ remains Geoffrey Chaucer’s most popular and studied work.
Use of satire and humor
Rationale: Chaucer played an important role as a satirist, which would go on to influence literature later on. In addition, he first used regional dialects as a humorous device in storytelling.
Rationale: Much of Chaucer’s work is written in Middle English, making it difficult though not impossible to be understood and appreciated by the modern reader.
Middle English dialect
Rationale: Many credit Chaucer’s work with having an influence on the standardization of Middle English. While this may be true to an extent, it is also suggested that his influence is overestimated and that the influence of the court may have had more of an impact on standardizing the English language.
Rationale: Chaucer is thought to have passed away from unknown causes in October of the year 1400. There is some speculation that he may have been murdered, though little if any evidence exists to support this theory.
Rationale: Chaucer is buried in Westminster Abbey, in an area that is known today as the Poet’s Corner.
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Great English Poets
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Poet Geoffrey Chaucer
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